Stock indexes declined solidly Thursday morning as investors parsed weekly data on jobless claims, a day after equities suffered another round of steep losses that put the S&P 500 on the brink of a correction.
What are major benchmarks doing?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average were off 206 points, or 0.8%, at around 26,557, while S&P 500 fell 24 points, or 0.8%, at about 3,211, hovering below correction territory for the index at 3,222.76. Nasdaq Composite Index was off 103 points, or 1%, at roughly 10,529, deepening its slide into correction, defined as a drop of at least 10% from a recent peak.
On Wednesday, the Dow ended with a loss of 525.05 points, or 1.9%, at 26,763.13, while the S&P 500 shed 78.65 points, or 2.4%, to close at 3,236.92. The Nasdaq Composite finished at 10,632.99, down 330.65 points, or 3%. The close left the S&P 500 down 9.6% from its record close of 3,580.84 hit on Sept. 2 — a correction is defined as a 10% pullback from a recent peak.
What’s driving the market?
Stocks were under pressure on Thursday, with investors waded through a morass of issues, including gridlock on Capitol Hill, which has sapped prospects for another spending bill. Market participants have long feared that a lack of fresh stimulus will stall the nascent recovery that the market has been experiencing amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
The weekly report in claims highlights that job creation in the aftermath of the pandemic is stalling out, raising further fears about the shape of the U.S.’s return to normalcy.
Jobless claims rose 4,000 to 870,000, the Labor Department said Thursday,reflecting that slightly more Americans applied for state unemployment benefits in the week ended Sept. 19 than in the prior week. Economists surveyed by MarketWatch had been looking claims to decline to 850,000. Claims in the prior week were raised 6,000 to 866,000.
“While jobless claims under a million for 4 straight weeks could be considered a positive, we’re staring down a pretty stagnant labor market,” wrote Mike Loewengart, managing director investment strategy at E-Trade Financial Corp., in emailed remarks.
“This has been a slow roll to recovery and with no signs of additional stimulus from Washington, jobless Americans will likely continue to exist in limbo,” the E-Trade professional said. “Further, a shaky labor market translates into a skittish consumer, and in the face of a pandemic that seemingly won’t go away without a vaccine, the outlook for the economy certainly comes into question,” the strategist said.
Remarks by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell in congressional testimony this week, as well as comments by other Fed policy makers, have also signaled that the central bank is taking a wait-and-see approach when it comes to further monetary stimulus, while signaling the need for Congress to act on fiscal stimulus.
”Given the highly polarized state of politics in the U.S. at the moment, the markets do not expect action on any stimulus package with Congress barely able to agree on a continuing resolution in order to keep the government going,” said Boris Schlossberg, managing director of FX strategy at BK Asset Management, in a note.
“That in turn has weighed on sentiment as current improvement in economic data has been modest at best suggesting that the V-shaped recovery is running out of steam after the initial burst of activity after the reopening of the U.S. economy,” he said.
On top of that, fears of a contested presidential election on Nov. 3 were also seen weighing on sentiment, analysts said. President Donald Trump on Wednesday refused to commit to a peaceful transition of power following the election, telling reporters “we’ll have to see what happens…I’ve been complaining very strongly about the ballots. And the ballots are a disaster.” Trump was referring to mail-in ballots, which he has asserted, without evidence, are prone to widespread fraud.
Trump also suggested the Supreme Court will have to make a ruling on the outcome of the election, emphasizing that a new justice, replacing Ruth Bader Ginsburg, should be confirmed before Election Day.
“Donald Trump’s continuing reluctance to confirm he would accept a loss in the presidential elections in little more than a month carries the threat of taking the country into unprecedented and potentially dangerous territory, though this may be little more than rhetoric and Trump could triumph anyway” said Russ Mould, investment director at U.K.-based brokerage AJ Bell.
“The bitter campaign for the White House is also preventing the U.S. from agreeing a fiscal stimulus package — leading to growing grumbles from the U.S. Federal Reserve and it was little surprise to see U.S. stocks fall against this backdrop,” he said.
Meanwhile, Powell will testify before lawmakers for a third straight day at 10 a.m. A number of other Fed officials will also be on the speaking circuit again on Thursday.
Dallas Fed President Rob Kaplan is slated to deliver a speech at Texas Christian University at 8:50 a.m., while Richmond Fed President Tom Barkin speaks at a pair of events at 1 p.m. and 2 p.m. St. Louis Fed President James Bullard is set to deliver a speech to the Global Interdependence Center at noon, while Chicago Fed President Charles Evans is scheduled to deliver a speech to the Illinois Chamber of Commerce at 1 p.m. Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic is slated to deliver a speech on systemic racism to a forum on minorities in banking at 2 p.m.