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    20.07.2015 18:21 American focus: the dollar rose


    The US dollar rose to a fresh one-month highs against the yen, as the demand for the dollar is supported by expectations for a rate hike in the US before the end of this year.

    The dollar was supported after data on Friday showing that the consumer price index in the US rose in June by 0.3%, while the annualized consumer price index rose 0.1% last month.

    A separate report showed that housing starts rose in June by 9.8% to 1.174 million units, more than the expected increase of 6.2%.

    The volume of building permits rose 7.4% to 1.343 million units last month, confounding forecasts, falling by 11.8%.

    The data came after the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen said in a speech before the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives that the Fed is likely to raise rates "at some point this year." She also added that the situation on the US labor market has become healthier, but "some weakness" is still there.

    Demand for the yen as a safe haven eased since Monday Greek banks once again began its work after the compulsory three-week suspension, but the restrictions on cash withdrawals still remain. On Saturday, the Greek government has ordered to save the daily cash withdrawal limit of € 60 and set a weekly limit on the level of 420 euros.

    The decree came into force on the same day that a new coalition government was sworn in Greece after reshuffling the cabinet. Five opponents of the agreement with the creditors of the party SYRIZA, including the leader of the left wing of the party, had left his post.

    On Friday, Germany voted in favor of opening the discussions on the third package of aid to Greece and the European Union approved a bridge loan in the amount of 7.16 billion euros to help Greece make payments on debt to the European Central Bank on Monday.

    On Wednesday, the Greek parliament must continue to vote for austerity measures.

    The euro rose to session highs after the International Monetary Fund on Monday confirmed that Greece had paid its debt, which paved the way to fund the program resumed assistance to the country.

    "The Fund is ready to continue to assist Greece in its attempts to return to financial stability and economic growth," - said IMF spokesman Gerry Rice.

    Representatives of the European authorities last week approved a temporary loan for Greece, which allowed Athens to pay debts to the European Central Bank and the IMF. Failure to repay the ECB could plunge the country into financial chaos, as the central bank would close the last funding to support the banking system.

    Payment on the IMF loan allowed the Fund to resume formal negotiations on a program of assistance to Athens.

    Today it became known that the German producer prices in June fell 0.1% compared to May and by 1.4% per annum. This indicates that producer prices did not exert upward pressure on consumer prices. Excluding volatile energy prices, producer prices Europe's largest economy rose by 0.1% compared with the previous month and fell by 0.2% compared to June of the previous year. Energy prices in Germany in June fell by 0.4% compared to May and by 4.4% compared to the same period of the previous year.

    Meanwhile, the data provided by the European Central Bank, have shown that the seasonally adjusted current account surplus decreased the eurozone in May to the level of 18.0 billion. Euros against 24.0 billion. Euro in the previous month (revised from 22.3 billion. euros). The surplus in trade in goods amounted to 23.9 billion. Euros, while the surplus in trade in services was at the level of 6.3 bln. Euro. The balance of the primary income account was 1.1 bln. Euro, which was partly offset by a deficit in the amount of secondary income 13.3 billion. Euro. In unadjusted basis, the current account surplus narrowed to 3.4 billion. Euros from 22.0 billion euros in April (revised from 20.4 billion. Euros).

    Small effect has also a monthly report of the Central Bank of Germany. It was reported that the pace of growth in Germany in the 2nd quarter is likely to accelerate. "The growth of economic activity in Germany is likely to become stronger in the 2nd quarter," - the report says the Bundesbank. The central bank said that the positive impetus comes from the consumer sector, which provides support for a good situation on the labor market and a significant increase in wages. "In addition, German exports greatly revived," - said the Central Bank.

    The pound fell against the dollar, updating the at least Friday because of the anticipation of the publication of important statistics. Experts point out that tomorrow's data are likely to be indicative of a decrease in the needs of the UK government borrowing, with increased tax revenues, economists say. "Given the acceleration in wage growth and increasing employment, tax revenues start to increase. The low inflation rate contribute to reduce costs", - said James Pomeroy, an economist at HSBC.

    Meanwhile, retail sales data, which will be released on Thursday, will shed more light on the state of the UK economy. According to forecasts, sales rose by 0.3% compared to May and by 4.9% per annum.

    Focus will also be minutes of the meeting of the Bank of England, which are likely to be indicative of the fact that all members of the board unanimously voted to keep interest rates at the current record low of 0.5%. Governor of the Bank of England Governor Mark Carney and other executives of the bank has recently signaled that the time for the Central Bank rate hikes are coming, but economists think unlikely to tighten policy until 2016.

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