Economic news

Weak Payrolls Spur Expectations of Big US Fiscal Package

Today's market-affecting and events

Note: The table above is updated before publication with the latest consensus forecasts. However, the text & charts are prepared ahead of time. Therefore there can be discrepancies between the forecasts given in the table above and in the text & charts.

Rates as of 05:00 GMT

TWIs: Change over last 24 hrs

Market Recap

It’s a “risk-on” day, with stock markets soaring again, and finally the FX market is reacting as usual: the commodity currencies up, led by AUD, and JPY and CHF lower, with USD at the bottom of the pack.

The story behind the move is simple but strange: “bad news is good news.” Friday’s US nonfarm payrolls missed expectations, with payrolls rising only a meager 49k vs 105k expected. But signs that the US job market is stalling just increased pressure for a large fiscal rescue package ASAP. Treasury Secretary Yellen said that the US job market is “stalling” and the US needs a big package quickly. Leaders in the US House of Representatives said they could vote on the package the week of Feb. 22nd, if not sooner, and said they would use a method of passing the legislation that averts the possibility of the Republicans blocking it.

Expectations of a large package quickly have caused the US yield curve to steepen and breakeven inflation rates to rise. Two-year yields fell 1 bps to end the day at a record low 0.10% while 10-year yields rose 2.4 bps (and a further 2.3 this morning).

US yield curve vs breakeven inflation rates

Surprisingly though the higher US yields failed to support USD, perhaps because of the weak US jobs report.

AUD rose throughout the US day Friday even after a surprisingly dovish speech (well, surprising to me at least) by Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Gov. Lowe, who said he expected policy rates to remain at the lower bound until 2024 at the earliest (even in the central bank’s upside scenario) and didn’t rule extending the RBA’s quantitative easing program again in the future. Higher commodity prices and (slightly) better-than-expected Q4 retail sales in Australia supported the currency.

AUD/USD vs commodity prices

The big risk for today: there was an article in the FT that said South Africa had stopped rollout of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine after finding that it does not protect against “mild/moderate” illness from the South African mutation of the Covid-19 virus. The disappointing results could raise doubts about how quickly the world will return to normal, which might spark a major “risk-off” move. However the report certainly hasn’t dampened enthusiasm this morning as most Asian markets are up, with the TOPIX up 1.8%, the CSI 300 up 1.3% and the Hang Seng 0.3%.

Today’s market

The European day started with Swiss unemployment (not a big market mover) and German industrial production, which is important. German IP was disappointing: unchanged mom vs expectations of 0.3%.
Now it’s Swiss sight deposits, just to see whether the Swiss National Bank (SNB) is intervening, and if so, how much. Deposits have increased for the last three weeks, but the last two were relatively small, consistent with EUR/CHF staying at the current level pretty much by itself.

EUR/CHF vs change in SNB total sight deposits

And that’s about it for today except for some speeches, which probably won’t be all that exciting anyway. Bank of England Gov. Bailey just gave a press conference last week (although the transmission was terrible) and ECB President Lagarde speaks all the time. Bank of France Gov. Villeroy just spoke on Jan. 26th and 27th, while Cleveland Fed President Mester just spoke last week, so I doubt if either will say anything new.

Overnight Japan releases its labor cash earnings, a data series that should be of interest to the market but isn’t particularly.

Japan labor cash earnings

There are never forecasts for the National Australia Bank business indicators, but they sometimes move the market anyway.

National Australia Bank business sentiment indicators

And rounding out our discussion of economic indicators that no one cares about, the European day Tuesday starts with German trade and current account. The trade surplus is expected to be lower but the current account surplus higher. This is the December figure; the interesting data will be from next month, when we can see the impact of the Brexit agreement (if any).

German trade and current account

Change over last 24 hrs

Source: BDSwiss

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