LONDON, Nov 19 (Reuters) - Concerns over slowing China growth and a spike in COVID-19 cases in Europe stymied the global equity markets rally on Friday with stocks struggling to cling to recent record highs and the euro looking on track for a second straight week of losses.
While U.S. stocks closed at a record high on Thursday, aided by consumer discretionary and tech sectors, the optimism faded noticeably in the Asian session with the regional index set to close down 1% for the week.
European stock indices edged higher in early London trading on Friday though sentiment was more cautious with a European stock market volatility gauge holding near two-week highs.
"Markets are consolidating after heady gains in the dollar and front-end bond yields in recent weeks and investors will turn their focus to the preliminary PMI data next week," said Kenneth Broux, an FX strategist at Societe Generale in London.
"In the case of the eurozone, instead of inflation we are going to pay a bit more attention on whether the new Covid restrictions are already having an impact on services activity."
High frequency data in recent weeks has shown that economic activity is struggling as inflation has surged though the deceleration in economic activity in Europe is more than in the United States with a surge in COVID-19 cases weighing on sentiment.
Europe has again become the centre of the pandemic, prompting some countries including Germany and Austria to reintroduce restrictions in the run-up to Christmas and causing debate over whether vaccines alone are enough to tame COVID-19.
Daily new cases as a share of the population are now higher than in the United States, are rapidly catching up with the UK, and are close to the numbers in Eastern Europe, Capital Economics said.
MSCI's broadest gauge of world stocks held less than 0.5% below a record high hit earlier this month though Asia-Pacific shares look set for a weekly decline of 1%.
Hong Kong shares were down more than 1%, dragged down by index heavyweight Alibaba after the Chinese e-commerce firm's shares tumbled more than 10% as its second-quarter results missed expectations due to slowing consumption, increasing competition and a regulatory crackdown.
Alibaba numbers came in the wake of a recent sharp slowdown in Chinese retail data, fuelling concerns over a broader slowdown in the recovery of the world's second largest economy.
Sentiment was a downbeat in currency markets with the dollar standing tall versus its major rivals , up 0.3% on the day while the euro held near six-year lows versus the Swiss franc
The single currency has been on the receiving end this week after policymakers pushed back on market expectations the European Central Bank will raise interest rates to quash rising inflation. The euro is down more than 1% this week versus the U.S. dollar , a second consecutively weekly drop.
U.S. benchmark Treasury yields were steady below the 1.60% levels with investors waiting for news on the next Federal Reserve chief announcement due in the coming days.
Turkey's lira lingered near Thursday's record low. The lira weakened about 6% after the central bank, under pressure from President Tayyip Erdogan, cut rates again to take the benchmark to 15% even as inflation closes in on 20%.
Oil prices were continued their recent volatility. U.S. crude rose 0.96% to $79.77 a barrel. Brent crude rose 0.97% to $82.03 per barrel.
Elsewehere, bitcoin is headed for its worst week in six months -- 20% below recent record highs. That despite crypto miners raising funds and eyeing public listings.
Reporting by Saikat Chatterjee